The Fundamental Constructions: Reading Response

I figured this is a reading to understand the basic three different structures of weaving, so I’m just gonna write the response/note in bullet points:

  • Weaving is an interlacing structure of two distinct groups of threads
  • Its firmer than other thread interlacing structures. It is more likely to keep its shape than other structures such as knits, braids, lace, etc.– which are more likely to bunched up and can be stretched apart to create elasticity.
  • It requires less materials and can be produced faster (simple structured machine)
  • There are three basic structures of weave: plain, twill, and satin. Which each has a lot of their own variations.
  • A plain weave is the simplest structure of weave, it takes equal part in both sides; front, back, front back. Requires two warps and two wefts. The rhythm should go like 1-2-1-2.
  • everyday plain weave sample: canvas, sheets, tarps, etc.
  • A twill weave can be balanced or unbalanced, the structure should be a step more complicated than plain weave. Ones with more on the warps are called warp twills, more on the fillings are called filing twills. Requires at least three warps and weft. There can be unlimited combination of twill weave, since it can varies in its pattern and leaves. A balanced twill pattern usually creates a diagonal pattern (half drop) across the structure.
  • everyday twill weave sample: denim, cotton, baskets, etc.
  • A satin weave is the most complicated weave is never balanced, the opposite of plain weave; satin weave seeks for the furthest point of interlacing threads in the leaves. Requires a combination of at least five warps and wefts.
  • everyday satin weave sample: silk, luxurious fabrics, etc.

For a live response/notes/scribbles and how I see and understand the patterning of these three different kinds of weave structures, a pdf of the scanned printed reading material can be viewed here.